An important factor for the health and growth of our plants is to correctly re-pot. Sometimes our plants get sick and die because we re-pot them more often than needed, or because we do not transplant them the correct way.
When we observe a withered leaf in the plant, we believe that it’s time to transplant. But we must not forget that a transplanting for a weak plant is no good, because the roots are weak and the plant will not be able to grow into an unknown soil. It is of course times when a plant loses a little color, that it needs re-potting. But how can we be sure when a plant needs transplanting? First, you must make sure that the discoloration of the plant is not due to various pests. Secondly, you should check the roots of the plant. If the roots of the plant have reached the bottom of the pot, then you must proceed with the transplanting. If the roots can not be seen, the plant does not need transplanting.
Very often the question why we should not transplant the little plants that are healthy arises. The answer lies in the fact that the ratio of small plant to large pot is not very good because the plant may not develop properly. What rules should be followed regarding the proportion of the pot and plant? In the nurseries, the young shoots are placed in pots with a diameter of about 9 m. When the plants grow normally, which takes approximately one year; we transplant the plants to pots with a diameter of about 12 m. After one more year we transplant in pots with a diameter of about 17 m. We do transplant the plants with big leaves into pots with a diameter of 25 cm.
At this point, we must mention that the proper development of a plant is not depending on the transplantation only, but also depend on the proper care. Below you will read some tips to help you keep a plant in a healthy condition:
- Stir the soil surface at a depth of 2.05 – 5 cm with a sharp tool. Then remove and replace the soil with fresh soil or a mixture of soils.
- During the planting do place in the bottom of the pot brick pieces, so the excess water can leave easy.
- When transplanting a plant, we must be careful to plant our plants at the same depth as before. For this reason, we put as much soils as needed so that the plants will be at the same height as before. Then, holding the plant with one, press the soil well with your other hand to ensure that the plant is in the right place. Then, water the plant thoroughly and then do not water it for ten days.
- We must be careful concerning the frequency and quantity of water we give to the plant for a few weeks. We should give a little water until the plant is used to the new soil
- Do not fertilize the plant for three to six months after each transplantation. This of course depends on the plant and its development.
- Finally, when we transplant the plant, the soil should be moist but not too wet and the ideal time for transplanting plants are in the end of spring or early summer.